Most of the beginners and even some intermediate professionals music producers face or raise the question in their mind that how to equalize their mix perfectly. every D.A.W has its own set of plugins in which it also contains the plugins called Equalizer there are various types of equalizer available such as parametric or graphical . in my opinion use parametric eq because it has control over the center frequency too. which makes you cut or boost frequency easily and perfectly by widening or narrowing it.
Purpose Of Doing Eq In Mix?
- Make an instrument sound clearer and more characterized.
- Make the instrument or blend greater and overwhelming.
- Make every one of the components of a combined fit better by juggling frequencies so that each instrument sits in its own particular frequency range.
Frequency Bands On Equalizer & Its Range:-
- Sub-Bass – The very low bass between 16 and 60Hz.
- Bass – The bass between 60 and 250Hz contains the fundamental notes of the rhythm section.
- Low Mids – The midrange between 250 and 2000Hz contains the low order harmonics of most musical instruments.
- High Mids – The upper midrange between 2 and 4kHz can mask the important speech recognition sounds.
- Presence – The presence range between 4 and 6kHz is responsible for the clarity and definition of voices and instruments.
- Brilliance – The 6 to 16kHz range controls the brilliance and clarity of sounds.
Before Eq Be Sure Of This:-
1-LISTEN!! Open up your ears and listen precisely to every one of the subtleties of the sound.
2-Ensure you’re Listening at a comfortable level; not too loud and not too soft. Make You Laptop or PC Volume level in between 50-75 %.
Now Let’s see what we can do with eq in our mix so it makes our mix more natural maintaining its tonal quality.
Tips On How To Eq?
- Embrace the idea of “notching”, when in doubt, cut instead of boosting.
- Allow instruments to have their own “space” in the frequency spectrum; don’t make them fight for it.
- Understand that instruments of the same type can and will sound different, EQ accordingly.
- EQing WILL NOT save your mix; you can’t EQ out bad sound.
- Cut frequencies below 90Hz for vocals, they add little to the mix except for mud.
- Listen to 15 minutes of well-mixed audio before any mixing session.
- Limit Stereo Width to 30% except for special effects.
- 80Hz Boost for the kick drum lower end to cut through the mix.
- 120Hz Add for warmth. Too much will sound muddy.
- 3-7KHz This is the area where vocal sibilance resides. Boost slightly to add a sense of “volume”.
- 4Khz Boost vocal here for presence.
- 10Khz Boost to add “air” and clarity to acoustic instruments.
- 8-12Khz Cut or Boost to adjust brightness for cymbals and acoustic guitar.
- In the event that you include 10dB at 150Hz, 10dB at 1kHz and 10dB at3kHz, all you’re truly doing is boosting the volume of the track by 10dB. Because the volume is louder, you may erroneously see the track as “better”.
- don´t make changes unless your ears tell you they´re needed. Many parts won´t need any EQ at all.
Hope This Will Help You To Understand The Equalizer and How To Use It to Bring Clarity To Your Mix. You Will Not Learn This in One Day So Keep Practicing Playing Around Frequencies Makes You Result What You Want.